觀映線索 clue of viewing|民主.集體.自主自決 democracy.collective.autonomy and self-determination

(click here for english version)

為何人須要民主?或許是人會因為不同的身份地位,有不同的利益取向,民主則可令整個社會的走向不只為個別既得利益者服務,讓處於弱勢邊緣,及缺乏資源的人都可決定自己和集體的事。然則,民主是什麼?如果民主只是普選投票、代議政制,少數服從多數,總有人成為邊緣,這算不算民主呢?

民主因而必須要達至一個社會整體同意的絕對共識,令最弱勢邊緣的意見與權益都獲得維護。如此,民主就是所有人都有機會且主動參與,表達己見,共同決策。如任何人在這個過程淪為被動,事事交托他人,那所謂的「共識」就不能真正反映所有人的想法。不過,「自主自決」很容易變成「自我中心」,純以自身(個人)的利益意見為先,不理會其他人,那也不能達至一個真正的民主共識。

所以,人們也需要長時間的深入溝通,互相理解,建立互信,在處理自身的想法和利益的同時,亦要考慮其他人的狀況。這個「其他人」,並不純粹指同一個地方、國家、邊界內的人,也不只是與自己在各方面相似的人。我們更需要考慮遠在天邊,或與自己有很多差異的「他者」,與遍及全球的人進行溝通與連結,如此民主決策才不會直接間接、有意無意傷害到其他人。

本觀映線索包括:
未存在的故鄉 第一部:[只隔一江水]未存在的故鄉 第二部:[賭局]未存在的故鄉 第三部:[移.住.迴旋]拋下恐懼抗爭去家有核鄰鐵怒沿線-菜園紀事及蓽路藍縷鐵怒沿線-三谷可行的另一種生活:向加泰隆尼亞致意II勞工自拍:全球化地境


why must people need democracy? perhaps it is because people with different identities and status will have different interests, so democracy can ensure the whole society will not only serve a particular interest group, but also the underprivileged, marginalized and people who lacks resources, letting us decide on our own as well as collective issues. yet, what is democracy? if democracy merely means universal suffrage, representative democracy and majority rule, somebody will inevitably be marginalized. is this really democracy?

democracy must therefore require an absolute consensus of the unanimity of the whole society, so as to protect the opinions and rights of the most underprivileged and marginalized. in other words, democracy means everyone has the opportunities to actively participate, express ourselves and make decisions collectively. if anyone becomes passive and entrusts others to decide on everything for him/her in this process, the so-called “consensus” will not be able to reflect the opinions of all members. However, “autonomy and self-determination” might turn easily into “self-centre”, which deems own (personal) interests and opinions come first and ignores others. as a result, it will never reach a true democratic consensus.

hence, people need to have in-depth communication, build up mutual understanding and trust over a long time span, and we also need to consider others’ situation while thinking of our own opinions and interests. Here “others” are neither limited to the people living within the same place, countries or territories, nor of whom are similar to us. more crucially, we should also think of “others” who live far away from us, or whom are of much differences between us. By establishing the communication and connection with people all over the globe, it prevents the democratic decision-making from hurting others in any direct/ indirect or intended/ unintended ways.

this clue includes:
exodus of nowhere – episode 1: the river is wideexodus of nowhere – episode 2: gambleexodus of nowhere – episode 3 rondo for the dis/placedditching the fearthe thing next doorraging land: a record of choi yuen village & breaking new ground through thorns and thistlesraging land: three valleysanother life is possible: homage to catalonia IIthe globalization tapes

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